Business area in sap is defined as an organisational area within the financial accounting module. Business area in SAP is used for internal and external reporting.
Business area in SAP is derived through assignments to different master data in SAP like assignment to cost center master. The function is to create balance sheet and profit and loss account statement below the company code level.
An alternative to business area balance sheet and PL Account is to go for profit center accounting. Profit center account is used in companies to consolidate performance related to different responsibility area of different company codes.
Business area configuration in SAP is not easy compare to profit center accounting. At the end of the year you will have lots of problem in reconciliation of data as business area in SAP is not directly related to any company code. Instead profit center accounting will give you better result and is more stable than business area.
To create business area in SAP you can use transaction code OX03 or below path;
SPRO > Enterprise structure > Maintain Structure > Financial Accounting > Maintain Business Area
Enter following details;
- Alphanumeric name
- Description to it.
How to enable balance sheet for business area in SAP
To get a business area balance sheet we need to enable it in SAP. To enable you can use following path;
SPRO > Financial Accounting > Financial Accounting Global settings > Business Area > Enable Business Area Balance Sheet
Business area in SAP is not configured anywhere. The above two steps are the only step to go ahead with the configuration of business area in sap. However it’s integrated in many places with other master data.
Business area in sap is linked to plant or valuation area and division, plant and division, cost center, sales area, assets etc.