Currencies in SAP are used to express a transaction in monetary terms. SAP provides various options to manage currency type that you want to use while recording a transaction in to the Financial Accounting module.
Currency type used in a company code is called local currency in SAP and all other currencies are called foreign currencies. When SAP finds a document posted in foreign currencies it automatically translate it to local currency in SAP.
To get it translated from foreign currencies to local in SAP a translation ratio table and exchange rate table has been maintained in SAP. The currencies are defined in SAP for recording a transaction. Whenever you define a controlling area and company code, system will ask you to set your preferred currencies.
Below are type of currencies that are used in SAP FICO;
- Company Code Currency
- Group and Hard Currency
What is Company code currency in SAP
Used for external reporting requirements in a company.
What is Group Currency in SAP
Its used for consolidation purpose in SAP so that all the company code currencies value under that group can be reported in one.
What is Hard Currency in SAP
Its country specific and used for country specific requirements like reporting.
When you create a financial statement, you have to carry out foreign currency valuation process.
The selection of controlling area currency does not have any impact on SAP profitability analysis if you have selected it in CO-PA as independent of controlling area currencies. In Accounting based CO-PA data always updated in controlling area , company code and transaction currency where as in costing based CO-PA, you can update it in operating area and the company code currency.
Tables used in Currencies
TCURF, TCURR, BKPF-KURSF, TCURP