5 steps for salaried persons to file income tax return online

Before getting into the steps of filing income tax return for a salaried individual, we want you to know the due dates of filing your tax return and late fee to be paid if its missed.

IT return filing due date for a salaried person is 31st July of the following financial year to the relevant previous year for which ITR is to be filed. For the financial year 2018-19, due date of filing IT return is 31st July 2019.

If as an individual your accounts are required to be audited under section 44AB of IT act, 1961, then last date of filing for the financial year 2018-19 is 30th September 2019.

If these dates are further extended by CBDT, then that specified date will be treated as due date of filing IT return.

If you file your ITR after the due date of filing, then you have to pay late filing fee of up to Rs 10,000 based on your taxable income. 

Below in this article, we will discuss the steps for a salaried individual involved in filing income tax return online in order to avoid late filing fee.

Collect required documents to file tax return

The first step in filing income tax return online is to collect all relevant documents in order to assess your tax liability and taxable income. 

Apart from salary, you may have some other income such as interest from bank deposits, rent from house property and capital gain. Collect all the information required to calculate such income after the end of the year.

Here is a list of few documents that will help you in finding your income and TDS amount deducted;

  • Form 16 – to be collected from employer for TDS on salary
  • Form 16A – to be collected from deductor in case TDS on income other than salary. For example, in the case of interest from bank deposits form 16A has to be issued by the bank to you.
  • Bank statements to calculate interest on deposits
  • Deduction and HRA allowance proof in case not submitted to employer
  • Rent from house property in case not submitted to employer
  • Salary slips for the whole year to recalculate your tax liability
  • Aadhaar and PAN card

Document requirements change based on your income and other benefits you claim in your ITR. Therefore, before filing income tax return make sure that you are ready with all the correct information and documents.

You can collect all the above documents in the month of April, May and June. However form 16 and 16A can only be collected in the month of June.

Cross check form 26AS online

Form 26AS is an online tax credit statement to be downloaded from IT site. This form will let you know how much TDS amount has been deducted from your income and deposited against your permanent account number for the whole year.

After getting form 16, salary slips and form 16A, you need to cross check with form 26AS to confirm that all the taxes deducted and deposited are reflecting. Most probably form 16, 16A and 26AS will tally as all these forms are prepared by and downloaded from traces portal. 

However, in case it’s not tally or any excess tax has been deposited for which you are not eligible or some other deductor has deposited tax (which is not yours) against your PAN, then take up this matter with the deductor and do not take tax credit for it to your IT return.

Please note, if any tax has been paid by you or someone else has deducted and deposited against your PAN, then it will take 2-3 working days from the date of payment to get it reflected in form 26AS.

Now you know how much tax has been deducted and deposited for your PAN. It’s time to calculate your total taxable income and final tax liability.

Compute total taxable income

As per the provisions of section 14 of the IT act, 1961 every assessee is required to segregate income under five different heads to calculate tax liability.

As per section 14, for the purpose of tax calculation, incomes are to be classified under the following 5 different heads:

  • Income from salaries, 
  • Income from House property, 
  • Profits and gains of business and profession,
  • Income from Capital gains, and 
  • Income from Other sources. 

Please note, in your Income tax return you need to give head wise bifurcation of income. You need to keep it ready before filing tax return. Therefore, head wise classification is the first and foremost thing that you should do to calculate taxable income and tax liability.

If assessee is liable for clubbing, set off and carry forward of income or losses, then income under the above heads has to be computed after applying these provisions. 

Based on eligibility, an individual can claim deduction under Chapter VI-A (i.e. section 80C to 80U) from the gross total income in order to find out taxable or total income.

Compute final tax liability

Based on the total taxable income, you need to calculate your tax liability by applying tax rates for the financial year as per the income slabs. From the actual tax liability, you need to deduct followings:

  • Tax that has been deducted out of your salary, interest from bank deposits and all other incomes. You can get these details from form 16, 16A and 26AS.
  • Advance tax.
  • Tax Rebate if any applicable to you u/s 87A.

Balance amount left out if any will have to be paid as self assessment tax after adding surcharge and interest payable under section 234A, 234B and 234C by using challan ITNS 280.

File income tax return

After paying balance taxes if any, you can start the process of filing IT return. In case TDS amount deducted from you is more than the actual tax liability, then you can claim a refund for the excess amount deducted in your IT return.

Government has issued seven ITR forms for financial year 2018-19 which has to be considered for filing based on assessee’s source of income. Every year new forms are introduced for filing. To file your income tax return, you need to choose the correct ITR form. If you select the wrong form, the return will be considered as defective.

After uploading your annual IT return, you need to e-verify it. You have 5-6 different ways to e-verify your IT return. In case you have not e-verified your IT return, you will be required to send duly signed copy of the acknowledgement to “CPC Post Box No:1, Electronic city post office, Bangalore-560100, Karnataka, India”. 

If you do not verify you IT return within 120 days of uploading, it will be treated as invalid, it means deemed as if not filed the ITR.

In case you are not aware of tax provisions or do not know the process, then we request you to read our articles on income tax to learn more and take the help of a tax practitioner to file your ITR form.

is a fellow member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. He lives in Bhubaneswar, India. He writes about personal finance, income tax, goods and services tax (GST), company law and other topics on finance. Follow him on facebook or instagram or twitter.